South Carolina House of Representatives
David H. Wilkins, Speaker of the House
OFFICE OF RESEARCH
Room 213, Blatt Building, P.O. Box 11867, Columbia, S.C. 29211, (803) 734-3230
This document summarizes many of the key issues considered by the General Assembly this year.
Please note that as of June 12, the publication date of this document, the June 5 House and Senate Journals were not available. We have determined to the best of our ability the final status of any bills which were acted upon on that date.
Bill summaries in this document are prepared by staff of the South Carolina House of Representatives and are not the expression of the legislation's sponsor(s) or the House of Representatives. The summaries are strictly for the internal use and benefit of members of the House of Representatives and are not to be construed by a court of law as an expression of legislative intent. This report is a guide to, not a substitute for, the full text of the legislation summarized.
- OVERVIEW OF THE 2003 LEGISLATIVE YEAR
- MAJOR LEGISLATION THAT PASSED IN 2003
Domestic Violence/Child Abuse
- MAJOR LEGISLATION PENDING FOR 2004
Legislators of the 115th General Assembly confronted the worst budget year in decades. Most of the very limited revenue appropriated in the 2003-2004 State Budget was used to fund Medicaid and to protect education. Federal funds appropriated to the State from the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 were used to fully fund Medicaid and to fund the Education Finance Act (base student cost). Thus, the General Assembly was able to protect education and health care without imposing a tax increase.
The General Assembly passed legislation under which Homeland Security duties are assigned to SLED, the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division. The General Assembly also passed the Maritime Security Act which provides for the South Carolina Naval Militia as an organized, trained, and certified volunteer state maritime force to augment port and coastal security. The Maritime Security Commission is created as a coordinating body.
The General Assembly approved legislation that reduces blood alcohol content limits in driving under the influence provisions from 0.10 percent to 0.08 percent. The legislation enhances penalties for a second DUI offense and provides for the immobilization of vehicles belonging to residents of the state who are repeat DUI offenders.
Lawmakers passed the South Carolina High-Cost and Consumer Home Loans Act to protect consumers from practices commonly referred to as predatory lending that have been particularly disadvantageous for the elderly, low-income individuals, and borrowers with few lending options or limited knowledge about personal finance. The legislation establishes criteria for loans to be considered "high-cost" and requires credit counseling for those seeking to borrow money at interest rates designated as high. The legislation regulates certain fees and charges and prohibits various lending practices such as balloon payments and the pattern of rapid refinancing known as "flipping." The bill provides penalties for violations and remedies for consumers adversely affected by unlawful lending practices.
The General Assembly approved comprehensive campaign finance legislation. The legislation provides for a broad range of revisions including enhanced penalties for campaign finance violations, procedures governing the dissolution of ballot measure committees, new disclosure requirements for certain campaign contributions and expenditures, and restrictions imposed on a lobbyist for the remainder of the calendar year in which he deregisters.
Government reform also received significant legislative action this year. The General Assembly approved the "Department of Motor Vehicles Reform Act of 2003," a bill which removes the Division of Motor Vehicles and the Motor Carrier Services unit from the Department of Public Safety and establishes these divisions as an administrative agency of government, the South Carolina Department of Motor Vehicles. The agency director will be appointed by the Governor and will serve at the Governor's pleasure.
Legislators passed a bill requiring the Department of Commerce and other public bodies to disclose the cost to the public of economic development incentives that are offered to attract business investments.
The General Assembly passed the Domestic Violence Prevention Act. The legislation enhances various penalties for domestic violence offenses and emphasizes offender participation in programs designed to treat batterers. Criminal domestic violence of a high and aggravated nature is added to the list of offenses considered violent crimes. The bill requires a law enforcement agency to complete an investigation of an alleged criminal domestic violence violation even if the law enforcement agency was not notified at the time the alleged violation occurred. The Department of Social Services is required to facilitate the development of community domestic violence coordinating councils in each county or multi-county area based upon public-private sector collaboration. Every state agency is required to develop and implement a workplace domestic violence policy that must include a zero tolerance policy statement regarding acts or threats of domestic violence in the workplace and safety and security procedures. The legislation also provides for training on domestic and family violence for teachers and operators of childcare facilities.
The General Assembly gave school trustees the authority to establish an annual school calendar to include starting dates, ending dates, holidays, make-up days, in-service days, and professional development days.
There is significant pending legislation that awaits consideration when lawmakers return in January of 2004 to convene the second legislative year of the current General Assembly.
Further government restructuring legislation is pending consideration next year, including the "South Carolina Health and Human Services Reorganization and Accountability Act," a comprehensive bill which reforms the State's Medicaid system and reorganizes and restructures state health and human services agencies. This bill passed the House, but is pending in Senate committee.
This year, the House and Senate approved different versions of legislation providing comprehensive revisions to the Public Service Commission, the body elected by the General Assembly to regulate the State's public utilities. The legislation establishes new qualifications for Public Service Commission candidates, places certain restrictions on the activities of Commissioners and PSC officials, and revises the way in which public interests are represented in matters before the Commission. A conference committee has been appointed to address the differences of the body, but no compromise legislation was adopted prior to adjournment for the year.
A number of economic development initiatives are also pending consideration in 2004. The House and Senate approved differing versions of the South Carolina Life Sciences Act, a bill offering incentives for businesses engaged in pharmaceutical, medicine, and related laboratory instrument manufacturing, processing, or research and development. The House approved the Research Universities Restructuring and Infrastructure Act, a bill which revises current provisions to allow South Carolina's research universities - the University of South Carolina, Clemson University, and the Medical University of South Carolina - to focus on research and development and to focus on their role in a knowledge-based economy. That bill is pending on the Senate calendar. The House also approved the Venture Capital Investment Act, which establishes within the Department of Commerce a fund to promote investment in knowledge-based technology companies. That bill is pending third reading in the Senate.
Another major issue which is pending for next year is a House-passed bill which makes it lawful to sell and consume alcoholic beverages by the drink. If the General Assembly approves this bill, it would be effective only after the ratification of a State Constitutional amendment proposed for the 2004 general election to revise the state's minibottle requirements. Legislation proposing such a Constitutional amendment is pending second reading on the House contested calendar.
Whether or not to increase the tax on cigarettes and use the revenue to provide a reduction in State income taxes and/or to fund Medicaid was also a major source of discussion this year. None of the measures which would have imposed such a tax were approved by the General Assembly, but the issue is likely to be considered again next year.
The House approved a bill this year prohibiting a county from imposing livestock or poultry standards that supercede or are more stringent than those established by the General Assembly. Particularly, the legislation impacts a county's authority to regulate large hog farm operations. That bill was amended in Senate committee and is pending second reading on the Senate calendar.
Looking towards prevention of future budget crises, the House approved a bill providing for new state appropriations limitations, and another bill proposing the pertinent amendments to the State Constitution. Both of these bills are pending in the Senate Finance Committee.
The House approved this year legislation providing for primary enforcement of seat belt laws. This legislation is pending consideration in the Senate.
The House passed and sent to the Senate legislation revising South Carolina's at-will employment doctrine in light of recent court rulings under which employers who use employee handbooks, even with conspicuous disclaimers and employee acknowledgements, may inadvertently create a contract of employment that replaces the intended at-will employment relationship. Under the House-passed bill, no handbook, policy, procedure, or other document issued by an employer or its agent may form an express or implied contract of employment, unless specified criteria are met. The legislation would apply to both private and public employment. The Senate amended the legislation and gave it second reading approval prior to adjournment for the year.
The House passed and sent to the Senate a bill to prohibit human cloning. The legislation prohibits cloning that involves the growth or creation of a human being from a single cell or cells of a genetically identical human being through asexual reproduction. Products of human cloning are also prohibited under the bill. This legislation has been referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Two measures proposing to shorten the legislative session were approved by the House this year. This legislation has been referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Lawmakers are considering tort reform legislation that has been introduced this year. This legislation would impose restrictions such as limits on court awards for noneconomic damages.
Several comprehensive State government restructuring initiatives have been introduced this year in the General Assembly including proposals to convert various State Constitutional Officer positions into positions that are appointed by the Governor.
HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 2003-2004 STATE BUDGET PLAN:
STATUS: H.3749, the State Appropriation Bill for 2003-2004, was approved by the House and Senate and has been ratified (R127) and sent to the Governor. As of June 11, gubernatorial vetoes had not been received.
APPROPRIATION OF FEDERAL FUNDS TO EFA The General Assembly approved S.258, which was amended in the House to appropriate $44.6 million in federal funds from the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 to the Education Finance Act for use during Fiscal Year 2003-2004.
S.258 also requires that high school students receive instruction in personal finance.
STATUS: S.258 was approved by the General Assembly and has been enrolled for ratification.
NO PART II's IN 2003-2004 HOUSE BUDGET The House approved H.3627, a House Resolution expressing the sense of the body that no permanent law should be included in the General Appropriations Bill for fiscal year 2003-2004, when the bill is under consideration in the House.
STATUS: H.3627, a House Resolution, was approved.
AQUACULTURE ENABLING ACT The House and the Senate approved H.3950, a comprehensive bill known as the Aquaculture Enabling Act, and the bill has been enrolled for ratification. "Aquaculture" is defined in the bill as controlled cultivation of an aquatic species in confinement, and "aquaculture business" is defined as involvement in aquaculture for a commercial purpose. The bill provides that the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has regulatory authority for permitting and licensing pertaining to aquaculture and aquaculture businesses and DNR has authority for enforcement as it affects the public waters of South Carolina. The provisions of the bill do not apply to any saltwater species. The bill provides that applicants for permits or licensure may be required to obtain additional federal or state permits required under current statutes and regulations. The bill includes, but is not limited to, provisions relating to: out-of-state aquaculturists who buy or sell in the state; common carriers of aquaculture products; persons buying, receiving, or selling out-of-state aquaculture products; freshwater gamefish and regulated aquaculture products produced under permit as authorized in the bill; prohibition against engaging in aquaculture for a commercial purpose, except as allowed in the bill, and provisions for violation of this prohibition; circumstances under which a person must obtain an annual aquaculture permit from DNR and provisions and procedures related to various aquaculture permits; conditions which DNR must consider before issuing a permit and before setting permit conditions; provisions, including punishment by fines or imprisonment, for persons who fail to acquire an aquaculture permit or register an aquaculture facility; establishment of magistrate's court jurisdiction for criminal cases arising from the provisions of the bill; and provisions relating to taking of freshwater nongamefish other than shad, herring, and sturgeon.
The bill also includes a provision which makes it unlawful to set or use blue crab traps for commercial purposes in specified waters of Georgetown County.
STATUS: H.3950 was approved by the House and Senate and has been ratified (R.130).
BROADBAND SERVICE EXEMPTED FROM REGULATION BY THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION The General Assembly passed H.3344, legislation specifying that broadband service is exempt from regulation by the Public Service Commission. Broadband allows for fast access to the Internet, offering integrated access to voice, high-speed data, video-demand services, and interactive information delivery services. The Public Service Commission has not been regulating broadband service.
STATUS: Having passed the General Assembly, H.3344 was signed into law by the Governor on March 12, 2003, (Act No. 6).
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPENDITURES
(See summary under STATE/LOCAL GOVERNMENT)
PREDATORY LENDING The General Assembly passed S.438, the South Carolina High-Cost and Consumer Home Loans Act. This legislation targets certain practices commonly referred to as predatory lending. The legislation:
Title lenders: Provides a definition of a short-term vehicle secured loan, limitations on a title loan period (original period must be at least a month and the renewal periods cannot exceed 240 days or be more than the original term), limits interest accruing after 6th renewal period and provides the borrower 6 equal installments to satisfy the loan, the lender must have a good faith belief of the borrower's ability to repay the loan, cannot make a loan more than the fair market value of the vehicle, and the sole remedy for the lender, except in the event of fraud, is repossession and the sale of the vehicle - surplus going to the borrower. No fees may be charged, unless government entity's charge.
Manufactured Homes: Provides for additional disclosure for manufactured home purchases at least 2 days prior to closing, on credit sales and purchase secured by real estate. Additionally, prohibits class actions and provides the lender a good faith safe harbor for correcting any errors within 60 days after discovery, in favor of the borrower.
STATUS: The General Assembly passed S.438 on May 15, 2003, and the bill was signed into law by the Governor on June 3.
(See summary under CRIME/LAW ENFORCEMENT)
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE: BLOOD ALCOHOL CONTENT LIMITS DECREASED TO 0.08% The General Assembly passed H.3231, legislation that reduces blood alcohol content limits in driving under the influence provisions from 0.10 percent to 0.08 percent. Failure to comply with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's requirement that DUI blood alcohol limits be reduced to 0.08 percent would jeopardize federal highway funding for South Carolina. The change is made to several provisions, including use of firearms under the influence and boating under the influence.
The bill increases the penalties for DUI second offense to five days imprisonment or thirty days community service. (From 48 hours or 10 days community service). The legislation also provides for the immobilization of vehicles belonging to residents of the state who are repeat DUI offenders. Immobilization involves the suspension and surrender of the registration and motor vehicle license plate. Penalties are provided for operating an immobilized vehicle. An immobilized motor vehicle must be released to the holder of a bona fide lien on the motor vehicle for the purpose of foreclosing on and satisfying the lien. An immobilized motor vehicle may be released without legal or physical restraints to a person who has not been convicted of a second or subsequent DUI violation, if that person is a registered owner of the motor vehicle or a member of the household of a registered owner. The vehicle must be released if an affidavit is submitted by that person to the department stating that: (1) he regularly drives the motor vehicle subject to immobilization; (2) the immobilized motor vehicle is necessary to his employment, transportation to an educational facility, or for the performance of essential household duties; (3) no other vehicle is available for the use of the person; (4) the person will not authorize the use of the motor vehicle by any other person known by him to have been convicted of a second or subsequent DUI violation; (5) the person will report immediately to a local law enforcement agency any unauthorized use of the motor vehicle by a person known by him to have been convicted of a second or subsequent DUI violation.
Under the bill, a person charged with a DUI violation must be given notice of intent to prosecute under DUI provisions at least fourteen days before his trial date. Policies, procedures, and regulations promulgated by SLED may be reviewed by the trial judge or hearing officer on motion of either party. The failure to follow any of these policies, procedures, and regulations, or the provisions of this section, shall result in the exclusion from evidence any tests results, if the trial judge or hearing officer finds that such failure materially affected the accuracy or reliability of the tests results or the fairness of the testing procedure.
The legislation raises certain fines and fees provides that funds generated be used by the Department of Public Safety for the Highway Patrol and by the State Law Enforcement Division to offset the costs of administration of the datamaster, breath testing site video program, ignition interlock provisions, and toxicology laboratory.
STATUS: H.3231 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
SECURITIES FRAUD The General Assembly passed and the Governor signed into law S.555, a bill that expands the jurisdiction of the State Grand Jury to include crimes involving any violation of The Uniform Securities Act or any crime related to securities fraud or a violation of the securities laws. The legislation also revises certain three-year limitations imposed on securities fraud lawsuits so as to provide that in cases involving the fraudulent sale of securities using untrue or misleading statements, where the cause of action accrues on or after July 1, 2003, the limitations period is extended to three years after discovery of the untrue statement or omission or after the discovery should have been made by exercise of reasonable diligence.
STATUS: S.555 passed the General Assembly on May 28, 2003, and was signed into law by the Governor on June 4.
CLERGY REQUIRED TO REPORT CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT The General Assembly passed H.3199, a bill that requires members of the clergy to report child abuse and neglect. This legislation revises the list of persons required to report child abuse and neglect, so as to include a member of the clergy, including a Christian Science Practitioner or religious healer. The bill requires a member of the clergy to make such reports except when information is received from the alleged perpetrator of the abuse/neglect during a communication that is protected by the statutorily defined clergy and penitent privilege.
STATUS: H.3199 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACT The General Assembly passed S.477, the "Domestic Violence Prevention Act of 2003". This legislation enhances various penalties for domestic violence offenses and emphasizes offender participation in programs designed to treat batterers. The legislation adds the offense of criminal domestic violence of a high and aggravated nature to the list of offenses that are considered violent crimes. The legislation revises the definition of "household member" under criminal domestic violence and protection from domestic abuse provisions so as to eliminate from the definition parents, children and persons related by consanguinity or affinity within the second degree. Under the bill, a person charged with a criminal domestic violence offense may not be considered for pre-trial intervention if the offender has been previously convicted of a criminal domestic violence violation or a similar offense in another jurisdiction.
The bill provides that a law enforcement agency must complete an investigation of an alleged criminal domestic violence violation even if the law enforcement agency was not notified at the time the alleged violation occurred. If an arrest warrant is sought, the law enforcement agency must present the results of the investigation and any other relevant evidence to a magistrate who may issue an arrest warrant if probable cause is established. Under the bill, a law enforcement officer is not required to make an arrest if he determines probable cause does not exist upon consideration of specified factors and observance that no physical manifestation of injury is present. The bill provides that an officer who effects an arrest, by use of a uniform traffic ticket, for a criminal domestic violence violation must subsequently complete and file an incident report within fifteen days of the issuance of the ticket.
The Department of Social Services is required to facilitate the development of community domestic violence coordinating councils in each county or multi-county area based upon public-private sector collaboration. Every state agency is required to develop and implement a workplace domestic violence policy that must include a zero tolerance policy statement regarding acts or threats of domestic violence in the workplace and safety and security procedures. The legislation also provides for training on domestic and family violence for teachers and operators of childcare facilities.
STATUS: S.477 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
APPROPRIATION OF FEDERAL FUNDS TO EFA
(See Summary under Appropriations)
FLEXIBILITY IN SCHOOL FUND TRANSFERS S.375 is a joint resolution which provides that, for fiscal year 2002-2003, all school districts and special schools of this State may transfer revenue between programs to any instructional program with the same funding source and may make expenditures for direct classroom instructional programs and essential operating costs from any state source without regard to fund type with the exception of school building bond funds.
STATUS: S.375 was approved by both the House and the Senate and has been ratified (R.21) and signed by the Governor.
SCHOOL START DATE/SCHOOL MAKE-UP DAYS The House and the Senate approved H.3361, legislation which, among other things, provides that school trustees shall have the authority to establish an annual school calendar to include starting dates, ending dates, holidays, make-up days, in-service days, and professional development days.
The bill requires school districts to annually designate at least three days to be used to make up days missed due to extreme weather or other disruptions. If those designated days have been used or are not available, the bill authorizes the local board to lengthen the hours of school operation by no less than one hour per day for the total number of hours missed, or operate schools on Saturday. Plans to lengthen the school day must be approved by the State Department of Education.
The bill provides that the General Assembly may, through legislation, waive the requirements of making up missed days or may authorize the school board to forgive up to three days missed for extreme weather or disruption as described above.
STATUS: H.3361 was approved by the House and the Senate and has been enrolled for ratification.
CAMPAIGN FINANCE The General Assembly passed H.3206, a bill that provides for revised campaign finance disclosure requirements, enhanced penalties for campaign practice violations, and revised requirements for lobbyists and lobbyist principals. These revisions include:
STATUS: H.3206 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
REAPPORTIONMENT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY The General Assembly passed S.591, legislation providing for a revised reapportionment plan that reconfigures the districts from which members of the General Assembly are elected. The legislation unifies various split voting precincts and makes relatively minor adjustments to Senate and House districts. The legislation provides that the reconfigured districts must not be implemented prior to the regularly scheduled primary and general elections for 2004. Prior to the 2004 General Election, the districts now provided for by the interim order of the federal three-judge panel in Colleton County Council v. McConnell, 201 F.Supp.2d 618 (2002), continue to apply for purposes of vacancies in office for members of the Senate and House of Representatives.
STATUS: S.591 passed the General Assembly on May 28, 2003. On June 2, the Governor signed the bill into law.
SOUTH CAROLINA RETIREES AND INDIVIDUALS POOLING TOGETHER FOR SAVINGS (SCRIPTS) PROGRAM The House and the Senate have both approved H.3586, a bill which creates within the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) the South Carolina Retirees and Individuals Pooling Together for Savings (SCRIPTS) Program. This program combines the purchasing power of South Carolina citizens age sixty-five or older who have resided in the State for at least six months and who are not eligible for Medicaid prescription benefits. These citizens would enroll in the program to reduce their prescription drug costs. The bill requires DHHS to combine negotiating power for the program with negotiating power for pharmaceutical pricing and rebates that may exist now or in the future. The bill provides that DHHS will administer the program and will submit a plan for implementation and administration of the program, as described in the bill, to the State Budget and Control Board. Upon review of the Budget and Control Board, the program may be implemented as soon as practicable. The program would be funded entirely from annual enrollment fees collected from program participants.
STATUS: H.3586 was approved by the House and the Senate and has been ratified (R125).
HOMELAND SECURITY DUTIES ASSIGNED TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA LAW ENFORCEMENT DIVISION The General Assembly passed H.3713, a bill that assigns homeland security duties to the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division (SLED). The legislation revises the exclusive jurisdiction and statewide authority of the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division, so as to provide that the division's jurisdiction and authority includes: establishing and operating tactical response law enforcement units; coordinating counter terrorism efforts in or affecting this state; coordinating federal grants associated with homeland security; creating councils associated with its mission; and serving as the Governor's representative to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
STATUS: H.3713 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
The General Assembly passed the South Carolina Maritime Security Act. This legislation creates the Maritime Security Commission and reestablishes the South Carolina Naval Militia to augment maritime homeland security initiatives.
The legislation creates the Maritime Security Commission composed of nine members: (1) the Chairman of the State Ports Authority, ex-officio, or a member of the State Ports Authority Board, designated by the chairman; (2) a chief of police or equivalent, ex-officio; (3) a fire chief or equivalent, ex-officio; (4) a representative of the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources Law Enforcement Division, ex-officio; (5) one member who shall represent the commercial maritime community; (6) a retired U. S. Coast Guard officer, grade O-5 or higher, who supervised federal port security duties as a Captain of the Port; (7) a retired U. S. Navy or Navy Reserve officer, grade O-6 or higher; (8) a retired U. S. Marines Corps or Marine Corps Reserve officer, grade O-6 or higher; and (9) a retired U. S. Coast Guard or Coast Guard Reserve officer, grade O-6 or higher. The five members who are not ex-officio shall be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. These non-ex-officio members shall be selected from respective lists of retired Navy, Coast Guard, and Coast Guard Reserve officers residing in South Carolina and commercial maritime community members maintained by the Captains of the Port. The chiefs of police and fire chiefs shall be from the port communities and shall rotate annually into the position on the commission.
The legislation reestablishes the South Carolina Naval Militia as an organized, trained, and certified volunteer state maritime force that is regionally aligned to enable appropriate augmentation of federal, state, county, and municipal forces. The Naval Militia may be engaged in any federal response to the threat of terrorism and to the needs of maritime homeland security. The Maritime Security Commission must organize, administer, coordinate, and facilitate the activities of the Naval Militia in order to provide to federal, state, county, and local agencies adequate numbers of trained and qualified personnel with proper accountability and adequate indemnification provisions to enhance maritime homeland security operations. The Commander of the South Carolina Naval Militia must be appointed by the commission, commissioned by the Governor, and shall serve at the pleasure of the commission. The commander will propose other commissions and appointments in accordance with rules promulgated by the commission. Divisions of the Naval Militia will include a division that consists of members of the United States Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Reserve (federal service takes priority). In addition, the Naval Militia must include a division that consists of the Merchant Marine. The Naval Militia also shall include a staff element and a support division. Naval Militia personnel are entitled to all appropriate honors, courtesies, privileges, and authority provided under state law to state military organizations. This authority shall be exercised only with regard to mission requirements and in accordance with rules promulgated by the commission.
Within the South Carolina Naval Militia, a joint service task force is authorized whose purpose is to determine and coordinate regional security missions relating to those waterways shared with contiguous states and to provide federal and regional interoperability advice and assistance to the commission. This task force shall be appointed and assigned pursuant to rules promulgated by the commission.
The Maritime Security Commission and the Naval Militia must coordinate their activities with federal, state, and local agencies responsible for maritime homeland security and relevant Naval Militia functions including: the State Law Enforcement Division; the Departments of Natural Resources, Public Safety and Transportation and the Military Department, and their several state agencies; state, county, and municipal police departments including marine police components; and the South Carolina Army and Air National Guard.
The legislation also authorizes the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division to promulgate regulations not specifically authorized by the federal government or by another agency, department, or division of state government, which are necessary for the proper administration and enforcement of homeland security measures for maritime protection. Such regulations, including any emergency authority, must be promulgated within the guidelines of the Administrative Procedures Act and after consultation with the Ports Security Committee established by the United States Coast Guard. This regulatory authority ceases upon implementation of the federal Maritime Transportation Security Act regulations, currently scheduled for July 2004.
STATUS: H.3713 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
BUDGET AND CONTROL BOARD RESTRUCTURING STUDY The General Assembly passed H.3426, a bill that establishes a Study Committee on the organization of the Budget and Control Board to be composed of: (1) three Senators to be appointed by the President Pro Tempore of the Senate; (2) three members of the House of Representatives to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives; and (3) three persons to be appointed by the Governor. The study committee shall make a study of the offices, divisions, programs, and components administered by the Budget and Control Board to consider if any office, division, program, or component is better suited for inclusion in a department of the executive branch of government. The members of the study committee shall not receive compensation, but are entitled to receive mileage, per diem, and subsistence. The study committee must be appointed no later than July 1, 2003, and shall submit a report containing its findings and recommendations to the Governor, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives no later than December 31, 2003. Upon submission of the report, the study committee is abolished. The study committee must be staffed by personnel as provided and assigned by the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the State Budget and Control Board.
STATUS: H.3426 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EXPENDITURES The General Assembly passed S.34, a bill pertaining to oversight of public economic development initiatives conducted by the South Carolina Department of Commerce and other public bodies. This bill provides that monies constituting a fund of any kind used by the Department of Commerce, regardless of their source, are public monies subject to all accountability and disclosure requirements governing public monies. Any exemptions require formal approval by the State Budget and Control Board. The bill requires an annual report of Department of Commerce expenditures to the Governor and the General Assembly that must include an explanation of the specific purpose of each expenditure including recreational or entertainment purposes. The bill provides that funds from foundation grants and private funds used by the Coordinating Council for Economic Development to enhance economic growth and development are public monies subject to all accountability and disclosure requirements governing public monies including compliance with the South Carolina Consolidated Procurement Code, unless exempt by formal approval of the State Budget and Control Board. These monies are also subject to all disclosure requirements governing public monies.
The bill revises provisions for disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, so as to provide that a public body, or a person or entity employed by or authorized to act for or on behalf of a public body, that undertakes to attract business or industry to invest or locate in South Carolina by offering incentives that require the expenditure of public funds or the transfer of anything of value or that reduce the rate or alter the method of taxation of the business or industry or that otherwise impact the offeror fiscally, must disclose, upon request, the fiscal impact of the offer on the public body and a governmental entity affected by the offer after: (a) the offered incentive or expenditure is accepted, and (b) the project has been publicly announced or any incentive agreement has been finalized, whichever occurs later. The fiscal impact disclosure must include a cost-benefit analysis that compares the anticipated public cost of the commitments with the anticipated public benefits. The competitive rates quoted by the South Carolina Ports Authority would also remain exempt from disclosure under the legislation.
STATUS: S.34 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES REFORM ACT The House and the Senate approved S.342, the "Department Of Motor Vehicles Reform Act of 2003."
S.342 removes the Division of Motor Vehicles and the Motor Carrier Services unit from the Department of Public Safety and establishes these divisions as an administrative agency of state government, the South Carolina Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV). The bill provides:
STATUS: S.342 was approved by both the House and Senate and has been ratified (R116) and signed by the Governor.
MINORITY AFFAIRS COMMISSION The General Assembly passed H.3426, a bill that broadens the scope of the State Commission for Minority Affairs to include minority groups in addition to African Americans. The legislation increases the membership of the commission from seven to nine members by adding two positions appointed by the Governor from the State at-large upon the advice and consent of the Senate. The legislation provides that the minority population served by the commission consists of African Americans, Native American Indians, Hispanics/Latinos, Asians, and others. The legislation expands the duties of the commission to so as to provide that the commission shall: determine, approve, and acknowledge by certification state recognition for Native American Indian entities; establish advisory committees representative of minority groups, as it considers appropriate to advise the board; seek federal and other funding on behalf of the State of South Carolina for the express purpose of implementing various programs and services for African Americans, Native American Indians, Hispanics/Latinos, and other minority groups; and, promulgate necessary regulations including, but not limited to, regulations regarding State Recognition of Native American Indian entities in the State of South Carolina. The bill contains a provision that nothing in the legislation recognizes, creates, extends, or forms the basis of any right or claim of interest in land or real estate in this State for any Native American tribe which is recognized by the State.
STATUS: H.3426 passed the General Assembly on June 5, 2003.
REAPPORTIONMENT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
(See summary under ELECTIONS)
RETIREMENT SYSTEMS CLAIMS PROCEDURE ACT The House and the Senate both approved S.340, "The South Carolina Retirement Systems Claims Procedures Act." This bill provides procedures that must be applied to disputes between the South Carolina Retirement Systems and the members and member beneficiaries of those systems. The bill requires that any claim brought under these provisions must be prosecuted by the member, the member's designated beneficiary, or an attorney authorized by either of these persons. A claim may not be prosecuted under this bill on behalf of a class. The bill provides procedures for filing written claims with the director of the retirement systems concerning administrative decisions; procedures for filing a request for a contested case hearing of the retirement systems' final decision by the Administrative Law Judge Division (ALJ); and for appeal from the ALJ Division to the Court of Common Pleas. The bill also provides that an employee of the South Carolina Department of Mental Health who meets the requirements for "peace officer" status is included in the definition of "police officer" for purposes of eligibility for membership in the South Carolina Police Officers Retirement System. The bill provides "peace officer" status to employees of the Department of Mental Health whose assigned work location is one of the correctional facilities of the Department of Corrections or the Department of Juvenile Justice.
STATUS: S.340 (A12) was approved by the Senate and by the House and has been signed by the Governor.
RETIREMENT SYSTEM REVISIONS The House and the Senate both approved H.4008, a bill that makes numerous revisions to the current state retirement system. These revisions include, but are not limited to:
STATUS: H.4008 was approved by both the House and the Senate and has been enrolled for ratification.
ACCESS TO MEDICAL TREATMENT ACT The House approved H.3191, the "Access to Medical Treatment Act." This bill allows an individual who has an illness or disease that could be life threatening to receive experimental or non-conventional treatment from a licensed doctor. The doctor must personally examine the individual and agree to treat the individual. A legally authorized representative of the individual may also request these types of treatment for the individual. The bill allows the doctor to prescribe alternative or non-conventional medical treatment if the treatment does not pose any unreasonable and significant danger to the person and the patient provides written, informed consent about the treatment as specified in the bill. The bill also provides that treatments administered in compliance with the bill do not constitute medical negligence or misconduct that could lead to disciplinary action by the State Board of Medical Examiners. However, the physician is to be held to the applicable standard of care for any physician providing treatment for a particular disease or condition. The bill prohibits a person from using the terms "physician," "medical doctor," "doctor of medicine," or "surgeon," in connection with his practice unless the person is licensed by the Board of Medical Examiners. The bill makes the unlicensed practice of medicine a felony (currently it is a misdemeanor) and makes the practice of naturopathy (except for physicians and surgeons licensed as provided in the bill) a felony instead of a misdemeanor and increases the penalties upon conviction.
STATUS: H.3191 was approved by the House and is pending in the Senate Medical Affairs Committee.
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES The House approved H.3489, a bill which makes it lawful to sell and consume alcoholic beverages by the drink. In addition to the currently-imposed license tax on sales and the additional sales tax of five cents upon each eight ounces of liquor sold, and other specified taxes, the bill imposes an excise tax of five percent of the gross proceeds of the sales of alcoholic liquor by the drink, with all excise tax revenue to go to the State's general fund. The bill requires that agencies and entities which by law receive minibottle tax revenue in fiscal year 2003-2004 must receive at least the same amount of revenues from the combination of minibottle tax revenue and liquor by the drink revenue beginning with the first full fiscal year after sales of liquor by the drink are authorized as they did from minibottle tax revenues during fiscal year 2003-2004. Any differences must be made up from the State general fund within sixty days after the close of that fiscal year.
These provisions would be effective on the first day of July after the ratification of a Constitutional amendment (see H.3490) offered in the 2004 general election authorizing the sale of liquor by the drink. H.3490 is a joint resolution which proposes to amend the Constitution by deleting the detailed requirements for the regulation of alcoholic liquors, including deleting the provision that on-premises establishments may sell alcoholic liquors only in sealed containers of two ounces or less; and to authorize the General Assembly to regulate the sale of alcoholic liquor, including provisions regarding the right to sell liquor in containers of such size as the General Assembly deems appropriate.
STATUS: H.3489 was approved by the House on June 5, the last day of the legislative session. The bill was sent to the Senate and has been referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee. H.3490 was approved by the House Judiciary Committee and is pending second reading on the House contested calendar.
AT-WILL EMPLOYMENT The House of Representatives approved and sent to the Senate H.3448 pertaining to at-will employment. This bill revises South Carolina's at-will employment doctrine in light of recent court rulings under which employers who use employee handbooks, even with conspicuous disclaimers and employee acknowledgements, may inadvertently create a contract of employment that replaces the intended at-will employment relationship. Under the bill, no handbook, policy, procedure, or other document issued by an employer or its agent may form an express or implied contract of employment, unless: (a) the contract is in writing; (b) the contract is signed by the employee and an authorized agent of the employer; and (c) the contract expressly provides that the parties intend to alter their at-will employment relationship. The legislation applies to both public and private employment. Under an at-will employment relationship, any employment for an indefinite term is terminable by either the employee or the employer for any reason or for no reason without incurring liability for wrongful discharge. Under at-will employment, liability for wrongful discharge is incurred if the employee is discharged in a manner that discriminates against race, age, gender and other criteria protected under the state's public policy.
STATUS: H.3448 passed the House on February 5, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it has been amended and given second reading prior to adjournment for the year.
CIGARETTE TAX Whether to increase the tax on cigarettes and use the revenue to provide a reduction in State individual income taxes and/or to fund Medicaid was a major issue this year. Various attempts to pass a cigarette tax all met with failure. Included in that effort was activity on H.3768, the Health and Human Services Reorganization and Accountability Act. As approved by the House, H.3768 (see summary this section), did not include a cigarette tax increase.
After approval by the House, H.3768 was referred to the Senate Medical Affairs Committee; recalled from that committee and committed to the Senate Finance Committee; and amended in the Senate Finance Committee to include a 53 cents per pack cigarette tax increase. The Finance Committee's amendment directed that the cigarette tax revenue be used to fund Medicaid and to provide a reduction in State individual income taxes. However, the bill was subsequently recommitted to the Senate Medical Affairs Committee, where it is currently pending consideration. The Senate Finance Committee's 2003-2004 budget proposal (H.3749) also included a temporary proviso which increased the tax on cigarettes and applied the revenue to fund Medicaid and to provide a reduction in State individual income taxes. However, that proviso was ruled out of order by the President of the Senate, and subsequent Senate-proposed cigarette tax amendments were also unsuccessful.
STATUS: H.3768 was recommitted to the Senate Medical Affairs Committee. The Senate Finance Committee's budget (H.3749) proviso which increased the cigarette tax by 53 cents to fund Medicaid and to provide State individual income tax relief was ruled out of order by the Senate President. The final General Assembly budget plan did not include a cigarette tax increase.
CLONING OF HUMANS PROHIBITED The House passed H.3819, the "Prohibition of Human Cloning Act". The legislation prohibits cloning that involves the growth or creation of a human being from a single cell or cells of a genetically identical human being through asexual reproduction. The legislation also prohibits products derived from human cloning such as stem cells and all other constituent parts of an embryo created through human cloning. Undertaking such human cloning activities, or conspiring to do so, is established as a felony offense. Professional and occupational licenses would be suspended for violators.
STATUS: H.3819 passed the House on June 4, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it has been referred to the Judiciary Committee.
CONDUCT GRADE ON STUDENT REPORT CARDS The House approved H.3701, a bill which requires and provides for public school teachers to indicate a "Conduct" grade on a student's report card for each subject taught. Such grades would not be included as part of the student's transcript.
STATUS: H.3701 was approved by the House and referred to the Senate Education Committee. The bill was recalled from the Senate Education Committee on June 3 and is pending on the Senate calendar.
HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REORGANIZATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY ACT The House approved H.3768, the "South Carolina Health and Human Services Reorganization and Accountability Act Of 2003." As approved by the House, the legislation reforms the state's Medicaid system, and reorganizes and restructures state health and human services agencies as follows:
STATUS: H.3768 was approved by the House and is pending consideration in the Senate Medical Affairs Committee (also see"Status" under Cigarette Tax, this section).
HEARING AID SPECIALISTS The House approved H.3591, a bill which conforms statutes regarding the practice of specializing in hearing aids to the statutory, organizational, and administrative framework established for professional and occupational boards. The bill includes provisions for the licensure and regulation of hearing aid specialists, including penalties for violations. The bill devolves the powers, duties, functions, and responsibilities of the Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) regarding the "Practice of Specializing in Hearing Aids Act" upon the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation. The bill establishes the Board of Examiners for Hearing Instrument Specialists and Fitters (the Board), comprised of: five hearing instrument specialists, each of whom must have five years or more experience and hold a valid hearing aid specialist license; one licensed otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat doctor); and one consumer member. All Board members would be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. The bill requires that a licensee, before dispensing a hearing aid, must conduct a hearing measurement including pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry, and hearing aid evaluation. The bill requires practitioners to be licensed either as a hearing instrument specialist or as a hearing aid fitter, and the bill provides requirements for each of these designations. The bill allows the Board to issue a temporary permit valid for twelve months and renewable for another twelve months. During the temporary permit period, the bill requires that the permit holder pass a Board-approved examination. The bill includes a grandfather clause for hearing aid dealers who currently are licensed by DHEC. The bill requires that licensed hearing instrument specialists and fitters must receive at least sixteen hours of continuing education every two years. The bill exempts licensed audiologists from licensure by the Board.
STATUS: H.3591 was approved by the House and is pending consideration by the Senate Labor, Commerce, and Industry Committee.
LIFE SCIENCES ACT The Senate and the House approved differing versions of S.560, the South Carolina Life Sciences Act. As originally approved by the Senate, the bill defines a Life Sciences Facility as a business engaged in pharmaceutical, medicine, and related laboratory instrument manufacturing, processing, or research and development. Included in this definition are specified North American Industrial Classification Systems, NAICS Codes published by the Office of Management and Budget of the federal government. The bill amends the Enterprise Zone Act to add Life Sciences, with $100 million invested, and creation of 200 new full-time jobs with an average compensation of at least one hundred fifty percent of annual per capita income in South Carolina. The bill allows employee relocation expenses to qualify for reimbursement with job development credits. The bill allows for waiver by the Coordinating Council of county limits on job development credits for such a facility. The bill limits the availability of incentives to Life Sciences projects creating jobs and making investments after June 30, 2004 and before July 1, 2008. For qualifying facilities, the bill allows the Department of Revenue to negotiate an agreement regarding payment of taxes, not to exceed fifteen years. The bill increases from 10% to 15% per year the depreciation for "clean rooms." The bill adds depreciation for Life Sciences machinery and equipment at 20% per year. The bill provides that depreciation for clean rooms must be for inducement agreements after September 1, 2003. The bill allows Life Sciences projects investing $100 million and creating 200 jobs at twice the state per capita to qualify for funding under the Economic Development Bond Act.
On May 22, the House amended and approved the Senate-passed bill and returned the bill to the Senate. House amendments added provisions to the bill regarding the creation of research and development facilities (a bio-tech incubator project), provided additional constitutional authorizations and a designated principal amount of current general obligation bonds issued pursuant to the existing debt limit. The House also included a provision that no economic development bonds shall be issued to defray the cost of research and development facilities unless the university that owns the facility demonstrates that it has available funds to apply to defray the cost of the facilities in an amount equal to one-half the principal amount of the economic development bonds.
STATUS: S.560 was approved by the Senate, was amended and approved by the House on May 22 and returned to the Senate. The bill was amended by the Senate on June 4, but remained pending on the Senate calendar when the House adjourned June 5.
LIMITATION ON STATE APPROPRIATIONS The House of Representatives approved H.3424, a bill providing for new state appropriations limitations, and joint resolution H.3496 proposing the pertinent amendments to the government appropriations provisions in the State Constitution. In place of the existing limitation on state appropriations, the legislation provides for a new limit that would be the lesser of 106% of base-year appropriations, or base-year appropriations increased by a percentage formula based on the State's growth in population and any increases in the consumer price index. The limit would be effective beginning with fiscal year 2005 appropriations. The legislation also establishes a spending limit reserve fund, comprised of all general fund revenues accumulated in a fiscal year in excess of the appropriations limit, and available for appropriation by the General Assembly in the year following the close of the applicable fiscal year. The legislation specifies purposes for which these funds may be appropriated. The legislation provides that, notwithstanding the requirement for passage of constitutional amendments and subsequent ratification to make these provisions effective, the General Assembly shall conform to these provisions beginning with fiscal year 2005 appropriations, to the extent appropriations allowed under the bill do not exceed the then applicable spending limit.
STATUS: H.3424 and H.3496 were approved by the House and are pending consideration in the Senate Finance Committee.
LIVESTOCK OR POULTRY STANDARDS - HOG FARMS The House approved H.3555, a bill prohibiting a county from imposing livestock or poultry standards that supersede or are more stringent than those established by the General Assembly. Notably, the legislation impacts a county's authority to regulate large-scale hog farming operations. As passed by the House, the bill provides that, beginning January 1, 2003, a county may not enact an ordinance that supersedes or imposes a more stringent standard than standards established by the General Assembly relating to the production of livestock or poultry. Any such ordinance enacted on or after January 1, 2003, is null and void. The legislation grandfathers in county ordinances enacted prior to January 1, 2003. The provisions of the bill do not apply to zoning ordinances enacted by a county.
STATUS: H.3555 was approved by the House. The bill was reported favorable with amendment, minority unfavorable, from the Senate Judiciary Committee and is pending second reading on the Senate calendar with four Senators desiring to be present.
LOBBYISTS EMPLOYED BY STATE AGENCIES The House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate H.3187, a bill prohibiting state use of an independent contractor lobbyist. The bill provides that it is unlawful for a state agency, authority, or department to directly or indirectly hire or retain an independent contractor as a lobbyist. This provision does not include foundations established by state-sponsored universities or institutions of higher education that do not receive appropriated funds on an annual basis.
STATUS: H.3187 passed the House on April 24, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it has been referred to the Judiciary Committee.
PRIMARY ENFORCEMENT OF SEAT BELT PROVISIONS The House approved H.3128, a bill providing for primary enforcement of seat belt laws. This bill authorizes primary enforcement of seat belt and child restraint requirements by eliminating current statutory language which provides that a law enforcement officer must not stop a driver for a seat belt or child restraint violation in the absence of another violation of the motor vehicle laws. Under the legislation, a law enforcement officer must not stop a driver for a seat belt or child restraint violation except when the officer has probable cause for such a violation based on his clear and unobstructed view of a driver or an occupant of the motor vehicle who is not wearing a safety belt or is not secured in a child restraint system as required. The legislation expands the provision under which a vehicle, driver, or occupant in a vehicle may not be searched solely because of a seat belt/child restraint violation, by adding "nor may consent to search be requested." The bill provides that a conviction for a seat belt or child restraint violation must not be reported to the offender's motor vehicle insurer.
The bill was reported out of the Senate Transportation Committee on May 27, with a majority favorable, minority unfavorable report.
STATUS: H.3128 was approved by the House and was reported out of the Senate Transportation Committee with a majority favorable, minority unfavorable report. The bill is currently pending second reading on the Senate calendar with two senators listed as desiring to be present. Also, the House amended S.356, a bill which as passed by the Senate concerned hearing impaired drivers, to include the seat belt primary enforcement provisions. S.356 has been sent back to the Senate.
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION The House of Representatives and Senate have passed different versions of S.208, legislation providing for comprehensive revisions to the Public Service Commission. This legislation establishes new provisions regarding qualifications, screening, and terms of membership for the Public Service Commission, the seven-member body elected by the General Assembly to regulate South Carolina's public utilities. The bill provides that for an election for a term beginning after June 30, 2004, the elected members shall have a high school degree or its equivalent. The Senate version would require candidates to have a baccalaureate degree or higher. In screening persons for election to the Public Service Commission for a term beginning after June 30, 2004, the joint committee shall consider the knowledge and experience of the appointees in the following fields: (1) energy issues; (2) telecommunication issues; (3) consumer protection and advocacy issues; (4) water and wastewater issues; (5) finance, economics, and statistics; (6) accounting; (7) engineering; (8) law; or (9) business operation or administration. Under the bill, any member elected at the 2003 election is considered eligible for reelection notwithstanding any other provision of this legislation.
Candidates for election to the Public Service Commission in 2003 must file a Statement of Economic Interest with the State Ethics Commission. The Statement of Economic Interest must also contain a supplemental statement showing all contributions from any person in any amount to support his candidacy for election to the commission in 2002 or 2003. The bill provides that if a family member of a sitting legislator runs for an office which is elected by the General Assembly, the member of the General Assembly related to the family member shall abstain from voting for that person. The Senate version would prohibit a General Assembly member's immediate family member from being elected to the commission while the member serves and for 4 years after he ceases to be a member of the General Assembly or fails to file for reelection. The bill revises provisions relating to seeking or offering pledges of votes in Public Service Commission elections, so as to prohibit the direct or indirect seeking of a pledge or the offering of such a pledge until after the joint committee has formally released its report as to the qualifications of its nominees to the General Assembly. The bill prohibits membership on and restricts employment by the Public Service Commission of a person associated with a regulated business.
The bill provides for that commissioners are bound by the Code of Judicial Conduct and the State Ethics Act and provides for annual training for commissioners and their employees on ethics and the Administrative Procedures Act. The legislation provides that each commissioner shall devote full time to his duties as a commissioner, and shall not engage in any other employment, business, profession, or vocation during the normal business hours of the Public Service Commission. The Senate version would prohibit a commissioner from being employed by a public utility for 1 year following his/her service as a commissioner, and provides penalties.
The bill divides the commission's staff into an advisory staff and an advocacy staff and provides for their responsibilities. The advisory staff shall provide research and technical support to the commission and advice and recommendations to the commission on all matters. The advocacy staff shall represent the public interest of South Carolina before the commission. This representation includes: (a) concerns of the public users and consumers of public utility services, regardless of the class of customer; (b) economic development and job attraction and retention in South Carolina; and (c) preservation of the financial integrity of the state's public utilities and the continued investment in and maintenance of utility facilities. Under the legislation the Division of Consumer Advocacy of The Department of Consumer Affairs retains its current responsibilities with regard to Public Service Commission matters. The Senate version would eliminate the Consumer Advocate's duties to represent consumers in public utility matters and would create the Office of Public Staff (OPS), a separate state agency charged with representing the public interest in all proceedings before the commission. It would require physical separation of OPS from the commission.
The bill prohibits ex parte communications with and by a commissioner or advisory staff in connection with a pending proceeding.
STATUS: The House and Senate have passed different versions of S.208. On April 23, 2003, a conference committee was appointed to address the bodies' differences on the legislation, but no compromise was reached prior to adjournment for the year.
REPORTING INSTANCES OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN, VULNERABLE ADULTS, OR ANIMALS The House of Representatives approved and sent to the Senate H.3552, a bill pertaining to reporting instances of cruelty to children, vulnerable adults, or animals. This bill revises the list of persons required or permitted to report child abuse or neglect, so as to include an officer or agent of the South Carolina Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or of a society incorporated for the prevention of cruelty to animals and an animal control officer. These individuals are also added to the list of persons required to report abuse, neglect, or exploitation of vulnerable adults. The bill provides that Department of Social Services and Adult Protective Services employees must report known or suspected instances of animal cruelty, fighting, or baiting. The bill provides for immunity from liability for such reporting. The bill provides that any veterinarian or other person may report suspected animal cruelty, fighting, or baiting. The bill provides for immunity from civil and criminal liability for such reporting.
STATUS: H.3552 passed the House on April 11, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it has been referred to the Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee.
RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES RESTRUCTURING ACT The House approved H.3899, the Research Universities Restructuring and Infrastructure Act. This bill revises current provisions in order to allow South Carolina's research universities - the University of South Carolina, Clemson University, and the Medical University of South Carolina - to focus on research and development and to focus on their role in a knowledge-based economy.
As passed by the House, H.3899 creates and provides for a ten member South Carolina Research Oversight Council (the Council) to provide oversight and to coordinate the affairs of the three research universities. These institutions would no longer be members of the Commission on Higher Education. Funds for the necessary technical, administrative, and clerical assistance and other expenses of the Council would be carried in the annual appropriation act. The sum appropriated to fully fund the Council would be divided evenly among the three universities.
H.3899 enacts the "State General Obligation Economic Development and Research University Bond Act" which, among other things, increases the limitation on general obligation debt from five percent to five and one-half percent, with the additional debt service capacity to provide infrastructure and facilities for economic development within the State and the advancement of the research universities, as provided in the bill.
H.3899 includes other provisions intended to give these Research Universities the flexibility and responsibility to assume a greater role in the State's economic development. These provisions include, but are not limited to: removal of the cap for federal/other funded employee bonus pay; provision of graduate assistant health benefits; allowing establishment of research grant positions without regard to the university's authorized allocation of FTE's; and, increasing the maximum allowed number of education fee waivers at these universities from 2% to 4% of the student body.
STATUS: H.3899 was approved by the House. The bill was amended by the Senate and is on the Senate calendar, where it has been ordered to third reading with notice of amendments.
SHORTENING THE LEGISLATIVE SESSION The House of Representatives approved and sent to the Senate two legislative measures that would shorten the time the General Assembly spends in regular session each year. The House passed H.3207, a bill that provides for shortening the legislative session by revising the time of annual adjournment. This bill changes the date for the mandatory adjournment of the General Assembly from the first Thursday in June to the second Thursday in May. The bill also provides that in any year that the House of Representatives fails to give third reading to the appropriations bill by March fifteenth, rather than March thirty-first, the date of adjournment is extended by one statewide day for each statewide day after March fifteenth, rather than March thirty-first, that the House fails to give the bill third reading. The House also approved H.3209, a proposed constitutional amendment to shorten the legislative session by revising annual commencement. This joint resolution proposes an amendment to the Constitution of South Carolina, relating to sessions of the General Assembly, so as to provide for annual sessions of the General Assembly commencing at varying times in even-numbered years and odd-numbered years. Under the proposed amendment, the annual session of the General Assembly would convene on the second Tuesday of January in even-numbered years and on the second Tuesday in February in odd-numbered years. The Senate, like the House of Representatives, would meet on the first Tuesday following the certification of the election of their respective members for not more than three days following the general election in even-numbered years for the purpose of organizing. Officers of the General Assembly, including the Speaker of the House and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and committee chairmen would be selected during the organizational session. During odd-numbered years, the presiding officers of the House and Senate would convene on the second Tuesday in January for not more than two days for the limited purpose of accepting any bills or resolutions introduced by any member and referring them to the appropriate committee. Members of the General Assembly would not receive any compensation for more than forty days of any one session. The proposed amendment provides for other revisions regarding the elimination of certain obsolete language.
STATUS: H.3207 and H.3209 passed the House on January 29, 2003, and were sent to the Senate where the legislation has been referred to the Judiciary Committee.
TRAFFIC LAW ENFORCEMENT DATA The Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives S.424, a bill requiring law enforcement agencies to collect and report certain information about those involved vehicle traffic enforcement stops and certain complaints regarding those stops. The information could be used to address concerns over whether patterns of racial profiling exist in the state with regard to vehicle traffic law enforcement. The legislation provides that agencies which employ law enforcement officers to enforce the traffic laws of this State, including, but not limited to, the Department of Public Safety, sheriff's departments, and municipal police departments, must collect and maintain the following information regarding vehicle traffic enforcement: (1) the number of drivers stopped for vehicle traffic enforcement where a warning or citation was issued; (2) the identifying characteristics of each driver stopped, including his race or ethnicity, age, and gender; (3) the alleged traffic violation that led to the stop; (4) whether the vehicle, personal effects, driver, or any passengers were searched; (5) the basis for the search; and (6) the race or ethnicity of the officer. This information is not required to be collected in connection with driving under the influence checkpoints or other types of roadblocks, vehicle checks, or checkpoints that comply with the laws of this State and with the State and United States Constitutions, except when warnings or citations are issued, or searches, seizures, or arrests occur. The information required to be collected must be reported to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President Pro Tempore of the Senate by the first day of each legislative session for distribution to the General Assembly. The Department of Public Safety must report annually to the General Assembly the number of licensed drivers in each county as of December thirty-first of the previous year. The number of licensed drivers must be categorized by age, gender, and race or ethnicity.
The legislation also provides that an agency which employs law enforcement officers to enforce the traffic laws of this State, including, but not limited to, the Department of Public Safety, sheriff's departments, and municipal police departments, must compile, annually publish, and make available to the public in a report, the following information regarding certain formal complaints by members of the public against officers of the agency: (1) the number of complaints received by type and location of incident by county; (2) the gender, age, and race of the complainant, when known, and the gender, age, and race of any officer involved in the complaint; (3) the disposition for each complaint including, but not limited to, whether the complaint was: (a) exonerated. The alleged incident did occur, but the actions of the officer were justified, lawful, and proper; (b) sustained. The investigation disclosed sufficient evidence to prove the allegation; (c) not sustained. The investigation failed to disclose sufficient evidence to clearly prove or disprove the allegation; (d) unfounded. The alleged incident did not occur or there is insufficient information to conduct a meaningful investigation; and (4) the total number of disciplinary actions, including, but not limited to, letters of reprimand, suspensions with or without pay, and dismissals, stemming from each type of sustained complaint. These requirements pertain to any complaint where a signed report regarding vehicle traffic enforcement is received by an agency regarding the conduct of an officer or of an incident, pattern, or practice of conduct that deprives a person of a right, privilege, or immunity secured or protected by the State or the United States Constitutions or any law of the State. The required annual report on complaints must respect privacy concerns and must not include the name, badge number, or other identifying information regarding officers, complainants, or other participants in a complaint, other than the required information.
The requirements imposed under the legislation would be repealed on July 1, 2007.
STATUS: S.424 passed the Senate on May 1, 2003, and was sent to the House of Representatives where it has been referred to the Judiciary Committee.
UNAUTHORIZED CHANGE OF UTILITY PROVIDER PROHIBITED The House passed and sent to the Senate H.3080, a bill prohibiting an unauthorized change of utility provider, a practice commonly referred to as "slamming." The bill provides that a utility (gas, heat, water, sewerage collection and disposal, street railway service, telephone, and electrical) may not submit a change request for a customer's utility provider without the customer's authorization. Techniques approved by state and federal agencies must be used when changing a customer's utility provider. Under the legislation, a violator of the anti-slamming provisions is liable to the customer for all charges incurred by the customer, in excess of those normally incurred through his designated provider, during the period of the unauthorized change. A telephone utility that violates the provisions is liable as provided under Federal Communications Commission guidelines. A utility that willfully, knowingly, or repeatedly violates these anti-slamming provisions is subject to a fine of not less than two thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars for each violation. The fines are to be collected and retained by the Public Service Commission.
STATUS: H.3080 passed the House on April 23, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it received second reading approval prior to the time of adjournment for the year.
UNIFORM STATEWIDE VOTING SYSTEM The House of Representatives and the Senate passed different versions of H.3777, a bill providing for a uniform statewide voting system. The legislation provides that the State Election Commission shall: (1) approve and adopt one voting system to be used by authorities charged by law with conducting elections; (2) support the authorities charged by law by providing training for personnel in the operation of the voting system approved and adopted by the commission; and (3) support all aspects of creating the ballots and the database of this voting system. Under the bill, a vote recorder or optical scan voting system may not be approved for use in the State unless qualified by the National Association of State Election Directors as meeting or exceeding the minimum requirements of the Federal Election Commission's national voting system standards. The legislation provides that the act takes effect upon approval by the Governor and when funding is available to implement the requirements of the legislation.
STATUS: H.3777 passed the House and Senate in different versions, but no compromise was reached prior to the time of adjournment for the year.
VENTURE CAPITAL INVESTMENT ACT The House approved H.3900, the "Venture Capital Investment Act Of South Carolina." As passed by the House, this bill establishes within the Department of Commerce a fund governed by a seven-member board appointed by the Speaker of the House, the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, and the Governor, to promote investment in knowledge-based technology companies. The fund is required to seek capital commitments to the fund in accordance with procedures approved by the State Budget and Control Board. These proceeds would be used to make investments with venture capital investors. The venture capital companies would then invest those monies in qualified companies in South Carolina. The bill defines "venture capital" as equity, near equity, and seed capital financing including, without limitation, early stage research and development capital for startup enterprises, and other equity, near equity, or seed capital for growth and expansion of entrepreneurial enterprises. If the fund has insufficient monies to repay these funds, the fund may issue tax credit certificates used to offset state bank and insurance premium tax liabilities. No more than twenty million dollars in tax credit certificates can be redeemable in any one year, and no more than one hundred million dollars may be issued and outstanding at any one time. The bill provides that the fund may retain an amount annually, not to exceed one percent of the capital commitments received, for expenses incurred by the fund. The bill's stated intent is to increase the availability of equity, near equity, or seed capital of at least one hundred million dollars for emerging, expanding, relocating, and restructuring enterprises in South Carolina, so as to strengthen the State's economic base and to support the State's economic goals. The bill is also intended to address long-term capital needs of small-sized and medium-sized firms, to address the needs of micro enterprises, to expand availability of venture capital, and to increase international trade and export finance opportunities for South Carolina based companies.
STATUS: H.3900 was approved by the House. The bill was amended and read the second time in the Senate, where it has been ordered to third reading with notice of amendments.
YOUTH ACCESS TO TOBACCO PREVENTION ACT The House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate H.3084, the "Youth Access to Tobacco Act of 2003." This bill revises laws prohibiting the sale of tobacco to underage individuals and establishes new provisions regarding youth access to, and possession of, tobacco products. Under the revised provisions regarding underage tobacco sales provided in the legislation, it is unlawful for a person to sell a tobacco product to an individual who does not present upon demand proper proof of age. Proof of age is not required from an individual who the person reasonably believes to be over twenty-seven years of age. Failure to require identification to verify a person's age shall be used as evidence of knowledge and intentional violation of this provision unless the person knows the individual is at least eighteen years of age. Proof that is demanded, is shown, and reasonably is relied upon for the individual's proof of age is a defense to an action initiated under these provisions. To determine whether a person believes an individual is at least twenty-seven years of age, a court may consider, but is not limited to considering, proof of the individual's general appearance, facial characteristics, behavior, and manners. These provisions do not apply to mail order sales. The bill revises criteria for what will be accepted as proof of age so as to limit it to a driver's license or identification card issued by this state, or a United States Armed Services identification card. The bill requires retail distributors of tobacco products to train their retail sales employees regarding these new procedures. In lieu of other pertinent penalties, a retail establishment that fails to comply with this training requirement must be fined not more than one thousand dollars.
The legislation provides that tobacco products may be accessible only in vending machines located in an establishment: (1) which is open only to persons who are eighteen years of age or older; or (2) where the vending machine is under continuous control by the owner or licensee of the premises, or an employee of the owner or licensee, can be operated only upon activation by the owner, licensee, or employee before each purchase, and is not accessible to the public when the establishment is closed. Individuals performing these duties in vending machine sales are subjected to the legislation's requirements for demanding proof of age. Vending machines that distribute tobacco products in establishments must meet these requirements within one hundred twenty days after the effective date of this provision or must be removed.
Under the bill, it is unlawful for an individual less than eighteen years of age to purchase, accept receipt, attempt to purchase, or attempt to accept receipt of a tobacco product, or present or offer to a person proof of age that is false or fraudulent for the purpose of purchasing or possessing a tobacco product. However, a person less than eighteen years of age may be enlisted by local law enforcement agencies to test a community's compliance with this section and to reduce the extent to which tobacco products are sold or distributed to underage individuals when the testing is under the direct supervision of the law enforcement agency and with the individual's parental consent. The bill also authorizes such an individual to be enlisted by the South Carolina Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services, or a county alcohol and drug abuse authority to test an outlet's compliance or to collect data for the federally mandated Youth Access to Tobacco Study. The bill provides that it is unlawful for an individual less than eighteen years of age to possess a tobacco product. This provision does not apply to the possession of tobacco products by an individual less than eighteen years of age who delivers tobacco products as a part of his employment responsibilities. A person or individual who intentionally or knowingly violates a provision contained in this legislation either in person, by agent, or in any other way, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be punished as follows: (1) for a first offense, by a fine not less than one hundred dollars; (2) for a second offense, which occurs within three years of the first offense, by a fine not less than two hundred dollars; and (3) for a third or subsequent offense, which occurs within three years of the first offense, by a fine not less than three hundred dollars. All fines must be placed in the state general fund and distributed in the following manner: (a) one-half must be distributed to the treasurer of the county in which the conviction occurred; and (b) one-half must be distributed to the county alcohol and drug abuse commission and used for funding youth smoking prevention programs. A violation of a provision of this legislation is triable exclusively in either municipal or magistrate court. Instead of the penalties listed above, a court may require an individual who is less than eighteen years of age who illegally purchases or possesses a tobacco product to perform not less than twenty hours of community service for a first offense and not less than forty hours of community service for a second or subsequent offense.
A person who is less than eighteen years of age and who has been convicted of violating a provision of this legislation may have his record expunged upon becoming eighteen years of age if he has paid any fine imposed upon him and successfully completed any court-ordered community service.
STATUS: H.3084 passed the House on February 28, 2003, and was sent to the Senate where it has been referred to the Judiciary Committee. The provisions have also passed the House as part of H.3768, the South Carolina Health and Human Services Reorganization and Accountability Act.
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This web page was last updated on Tuesday, June 30, 2009 at 3:34 P.M.